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Mobility2Grid - Energy system transformation and transport!

Lupe

The energy system transformation is shaping up as an extremely complex social challenge. According to the German government's energy concept, the share of renewable energies (RE) in electricity generation is to be increased to 60 percent by 2035. By the year 2050, it is even planned that the supply of electricity, heat and transport will be based almost entirely on renewable energy sources. Despite the considerable efforts made in politics, industry and society, implementation is only possible in the long term, because it means that essential components of the current supply principle are no longer valid, the necessary business models are not sustainable and many technical problems have not yet been solved.

In the preliminary phase, the Mobility2Grid (M2G) research campus was established as a broad-based public-private partnership for innovations for realising energy system transformation and electromobility in networked urban areas. A total of 36 institutions from industry and science have entered into a partnership "on an equal footing" and are making substantial contributions of their own, amounting to a total of approx. € 30 million. 18 partners are applying for a grant with a total funding amount of € 2 million per year. The non-profit association Mobility2Grid e. V. was founded in February 2015 as the umbrella organisation of the research campus. The core idea of the research campus is the integration of commercial and private electric road vehicles into decentralized energy networks. Urban neighbourhood development must make a contribution to realising the energy and transport turnaround. With the help of new technical options and with the participation of civil society, the aim is to make the supply of electricity, heat and transport affordable, secure and completely based on renewable energies. The Berlin EUREF-Campus serves as a test and reference site to describe the key parameters of a decentralised supply economy for sustainable urban development. In six thematic areas, new fields of technology and innovative business models are being opened up, and acceptance research and the promotion of young talent is being conducted. One cross-sectional field is dedicated to the operation and exploitation of the results in a jointly supported enterprise.

The companies, universities and research institutions that are members of the Mobility2Grid research campus will continue to research and work together in the long term - beyond the main phase applied for here - on the central issues of the energy system transformation and on innovative mobility solutions. These focal points of the Mobility2Grid research campus are reflected in seven thematic fields, which are interlinked via topic-specific interfaces.

Subject area 4 - Bus and commercial transport

Lupe

As in the preliminary phase of the research campus, commercial transport fleets will be considered separately and examined for their special features in order to show potential for the use of electrified drives. The framework conditions for the integration of the vehicles into local Smart Grids are completely different from those for passenger car fleets. In principle, there is great interest among public transport operators and urban supply and disposal companies in new concepts for the economic introduction of emission-free vehicles in intelligent networks.

However, there is great uncertainty among the companies regarding the technologies to be used and an economically feasible operation during the transition phase of increasing electrification. Both fleet operators and vehicle manufacturers are therefore articulating a considerable need for the provision of competent and scientifically sound knowledge along the entire value-added chain of electric vehicles, in operation and as energy storage, via smart grids to the provision of energy already during the preliminary phase of the research campus.

It is therefore planned to investigate efficiency increase potentials, operating and life cycle costs, integration into operating processes, emission and noise reduction potentials, and operation with renewable energies themselves for the various technology variants. In this way, the currently existing technology risks can be successively reduced and the innovative strength of the fleet operators can be sustainably increased over the next five years.

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