The resource-saving supply of a growing world population with food
is one of the core challenges of our society. Today, food is already
being produced for over 12 billion people worldwide, but almost a
third of this food is being lost. While in western industrialised
countries a large part of these losses is attributable to the end
consumer, the picture is quite the opposite in developing countries in
sub-Saharan Africa. Rather, it is post-harvest losses along the
logistics chain (to the end consumer) that account for the bulk of the
losses here. Inefficient logistics processes, low technology use, long
distances, imprecise demand forecasts and a lack of training standards
are only part of the range of causes that developing countries in
sub-Saharan Africa need to address in order to ensure sustainable
economic growth and thus stable employment growth.
In Ethiopia, the leverage of low-loss food logistics on a sustainable employment effect for jobs is particularly high. Ethiopia itself has for years had one of the fastest growing economies in sub-Saharan Africa - with almost a third of GDP being generated by the agricultural sector. Almost two thirds of the working population also work in this sector. Inefficient logistics continue to be an enormous cost driver here, preventing local companies (along the logistics chain between harvest and end user) from operating sustainably, expanding accordingly and hiring additional staff. The core products of Ethiopia's food industry are coffee, meat and fruit and vegetables, whereby fruit and vegetables are currently grown primarily for the local market. However, the government is already working to create better conditions for the export of this food group.
Goal of the project
The research project therefore aims to investigate food structures in Ethiopia on site, to structure the causes of losses and to develop measures together with local industry that contribute to increasing process efficiency and loss prevention both within and across companies. In the identification of best practice approaches, the derivation of process standards and the exemplary testing of the developed approaches, the investigation of the influence of technologies (including storage, transport and cooling technologies as well as platform approaches) on loss prevention also plays a decisive role. In this context, the extent to which low-loss food logistics can achieve an employment effect in Ethiopia will also be investigated. The indirect effects of using locally available technologies will also be taken into account. The food groups focused on in the research project are the three groups already mentioned: coffee, meat and fruit/vegetables. On the one hand, these belong to the most important food groups in the country, on the other hand, they have different logistical requirements and handling characteristics, which require different approaches to the design of loss-free logistic systems.
In order to approach this goal, the research project chooses a multidirectional approach that interlinks science and practice from the very beginning in order to ensure the practical feasibility of the identified approaches at an early stage. In this context, industrial workshops will be conducted locally in Ethiopia, case studies will be collected and field tests for the feasibility of measures will be conducted. The data and findings collected in this process are directly incorporated into quantitative analyses, scientific publications, etc. The design framework of the research project including the tasks of the work packages, the methods and formats used and the stakeholders to be involved is shown in the following figure.
Project sponsors and partners
- © BMZ
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Developement (BMZ)
AnsprechpartnerinJulia Kleineidam, M. Sc.
+49 (0)30 314-26747
Sprechstunde: nach Vereinbarung
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